How is diabetes caused? What are the hazards to human body? Early seeing and early prevention

Speaking of diabetes, many people will have such a problem: is there too much sugar? Only the elderly will get it? It is undeniable that eating too much sugary food may increase the risk of diabetes. However, diabetes is not the patent of the elderly, and there has been a trend of youth. So, how does diabetes come about? What harm does it do to human body?

Diabetes: it is a systemic metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia caused by a variety of reasons.

It is mainly caused by the defect of insulin secretion or insulin action, which will lead to the metabolic disorder of glucose, fat and protein in the body, thus causing multi system damage.

Cause:

The etiology and pathogenesis of diabetes are extremely complex and have not yet been fully defined. In general, genetic factors and environmental factors (including age, lifestyle, lack of exercise, etc.) jointly lead to the occurrence of diabetes.

3 stages to go through:

The first stage: the stage of normal glucose tolerance, but there have been pathological and physiological changes related to diabetes;

The second stage: abnormal glucose tolerance stage (i.e. pre diabetes), a metabolic state between normal blood glucose and diabetes;

The third stage: diabetes.

How is diabetes caused? What are the hazards to human body? Early seeing and early prevention

Harm to human body:

The obvious feature of diabetes is hyperglycemia, and long-term hyperglycemia can bring various hazards to the body, such as:

The harm of large blood vessels, such as cerebral infarction, myocardial infarction, occlusion of large arteries of lower limbs, etc;

The harm of microvessels can lead to retinopathy, vision loss or even blindness, and may increase the probability of suffering from other eye diseases;

Damage to the kidney, long-term damage can lead to a large number of proteinuria, and even uremia;

The common harm to the nervous system is multiple neuritis. Some patients will suffer from numbness or tingling in their hands and feet, which is also the main cause of diabetes foot;

In addition, diabetes is also easily complicated by various bacterial and fungal infections.

How to prevent:

Develop good eating habits, avoid high calorie diet, such as fried food, braised food, etc., and try not to go to the restaurant or eat hot pot at night;

Develop good exercise habits. It is recommended to exercise more than 5 times a week for 30 minutes each time. It is best to do aerobic exercise, such as fast walking, cycling, etc. if you have good physical conditions, you can do some anaerobic exercise;

Learn to relieve pressure and avoid staying up late. Modern young people have high work pressure and a fast pace of life. They often stay up late at night to brush dramas. This will keep people in a tense state for a long time, have adverse effects on the endocrine system and cause metabolic diseases.

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